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» Vitamins

Vitamin B

Vitamin B is a complex of several vitamins. The name arises because it was once considered a single vitamin, much like Vitamin C or Vitamin D. Since later research has shown it is in fact a complex of chemically distinct vitamins that happen to often coexist in the same foods, the name has gradually declined in use, being replaced by the generic term "the B vitamins", the vitamin B complex, or by the specific names of each vitamin.

The B vitamins are:

  • Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine)
  • Vitamin B-2, also Vitamin G (Riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B-3, also Vitamin P or Vitamin PP (Niacin)
  • Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine and Pyridoxamine)
  • Vitamin B-7, also Vitamin H (Biotin)
  • Vitamin B-9, also Vitamin M (Folic acid) - important for pregnancies
  • Vitamin B-12 (Cyanocobalamin)


In addition to coexisting in the same foods, the B vitamins often work together to bolster metabolism, maintain healthy skin and muscle tone, enhance immune and nervous system function, and promote cell growth and division including that of the red blood cells that help prevent anemia.

Together they also help combat the symptoms and causes of stress, depression, and cardiovascular disease.

All B vitamins are water soluble, and are dispersed throughout the body and must be replenished daily with any excess excreted in the urine.

Brewer's yeast is a good source of Vitamin B.